Using the method Stdio.Readline()->read() we wait for input which will be put into the variable record_name. The argument to ->read() is printed as a prompt in front of the user's input. Readline takes everything up to a newline character.
Now we use the control structure while to check whether we should continue inputting songs.
The while(1) means "loop forever", because 1 is always true.
This program does not in fact loop forever, because it uses return
to exit the function from within the loop when you type a period.
When something has been read into the variable song it is checked.
If it is a "." we return a null value that will be used in the while statement to indicate that it is not ok to continue asking for song names.
If it is not a dot, the string will be added to the array of songs for this record, unless it's an empty string.
Note the += operator. It is the same as saying
string record_name=Stdio.Readline()->read("Record name: ");
write("Input song names, one per line. End with '.' on its own line.\n");
song=Stdio.Readline()->read(sprintf("Song %2d: ",